It is usually asymptomatic, commonly called “the silent thief.” It depends on the type of glaucoma. Open-angle glaucoma does not cause any symptoms, some can compliant with haloes and defective side vision. Acute angle-closure glaucoma can cause severe headache, eye pain, nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, haloes, and redness of eyes.
Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world. The fact that it is hardly known to the majority of the population is truly a sad state of affairs. In India, around 12 million are affected of whom 1.1 million are blind. The illness is usually slowly progressing and patients are unaware of anything wrong with their eyes till significant visual loss has occurred. The initiative in glaucoma should be early diagnosis and prompt treatment with proper education of the patient regarding the grave nature of the disease. At Save Sight Centre, we have specialists in this sub-specialty with all the necessary instruments for diagnosing this disease.
There are many theories about the causes of glaucoma, but the exact cause is unknown. Although the disease is usually associated with an increase in fluid pressure inside the eye, other theories include a lack of adequate blood supply to the nerve.
The following factors can increase the risk of developing glaucoma: